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雅思词汇拒绝单调平庸 写作常用同义替换技巧

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  1. individuals,characters替换(people ,persons)

  2. positive,favorable, rosy (美好的),promising(有希望的),perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior替换good

  3. dreadful,unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替换bad

  注 如果bad做表语,可以有be less impressive替换

  eg An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games,enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation,as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive

  4. (an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most)替换many.

  注 用many, if not most 一定要小心,many后一定要有词。

  eg Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that….同理,用most, if not all ,替换most.

  5. as lice of, quite a few, several替换some

  6. harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that,it is universally acknowledged that替换think

  注 因为是书面语,所以要加that

  7. affair,business ,matter替换thing

  8. shared替换common

  9. reap huge fruits替换get many benefits

  10. for my part ,from my own perspective替换in my opinion

  11. Increasing(ly),growing替换more and more

  注 没有growingly这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing.修饰形容词,副词用increasingly.

  eg sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth.

  12. little if anything, 或little or nothing替换hardly

  13. beneficial,rewarding替换helpful

  14. shopper,client, consumer, purchaser, 替换customer

  15. exceedingly,extremely, intensely替换very

  16. hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替换 unnecessary, avoidable

  17. sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换sb take interest in / sb. be interested in

  18. capture one’s attention替换attract one’s attention.

  19. facet,dimension, sphere代aspect

  20. be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代 indicate, suggest ,fear

  21. give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger替换cause.

  22.There are several reasons behind sth替换..reasons for sth

  23. desire替换want.

  24. pour attention into替换pay attention to

  25. bear in mind that替换remember

  26.enjoy, possess 替换have


  27.interaction 替换communication

  28. frown on sth替换be against , disagree with sth

  29. to name only a few, as an example替换 for example, for instance

  30.next to / virtually impossible,替换nearly / almost impossible


  琐碎的,不重要的,微不足道的—trivial frivolous superficial trifling worthless

  轻视,贬抑—disdain despise reject scorn contempt derogate depreciate

  嘲笑,嘲讽—deride mock ridicule scorn sneer quip flout hack persiflage taunt

  容易冲动的—impetuous hasty headlong rash brash passionate precipitate reckless

  理论家,空谈家—doctrinaire pedant theorist

  残忍的,野蛮的—ferocious bloodthirsty brutal cruel fierce vicious wild atrocious

  邪恶的,有害的,致命的—sinister diabolic corrupt forbidding pernicious virulent

  秘密的,偷偷的—cryptic furtive covert covered hidden hideaway

  避难所—asylum haven home institution refuge shelter harbor

  节约的—frugal prudent saving economical sparing thrifty abstemious stint

  浪费的,挥霍的—prodigal extravagant lavish spendthrift wasteful squander

  浪费时间,逗弄,嬉戏—dally dawdle delay lag linger loiter

  祝福,感谢—benediction bless bliss blessing

  欺骗,诈骗—deceive beguile dupe hoax mislead trick bamboozle cheat delude

  逃避工作—malinger goldbrick relinquish

  揭密,泄漏—uncover disclose expose open reveal unmask

  掠夺,抢劫—loot predate rob pillage plunder sack spoil despoil burglarize angle

  诽谤,中伤—aspersion slander derogate calumniate libel discredit denigrate

  赞扬—extol compliment glorify laud praise commend acclaim eulogize

  颂词,表扬—laud eulogy ode hymn

  反对,不赞成—demur deprecate dissent dissident

  否认,拒绝,驳斥—contradict dispute refute renounce naysay reject repudiate gainsay

  哀悼,后悔,哀叹—deplore bemoan regret lament dirge bewail repent

  驱逐,出境—deport banish expel expatriate evict exile oust exclude ostracism

  居住—dwell abide reside inhabit occupy

  夸张,吹牛—vaunt exaggerate bombast overstate full-blown overdo magnify amplify

  夸张的—stilted lofty

  傲慢,专横—hauteur swagger imperious arrogance overbearing preemptory scurrilous contemptuous haughty insolent arbitrary

  活泼的—vivacious active animated brisk dynamic energetic exuberant gay lively

  恶作剧的,顽皮的——prankish naughty impish elfish devilish mischievous puckish

  笨拙的,麻烦的—cumbersome bulky burdensome clumsy troublesome unmanageable bothersome gauche antic awkward ham-handed

  暴乱,骚动—agitation bother commotion fret stir riot squall

  大风暴—tempest violence storm

  大混乱,大灾难—havoc calamity catastrophe misfortune disaster mishap tragedy

  巨大的,惊人的—prodigious colossal enormous extraordinary gigantic huge immense mammoth vast tremendous

  例外的,奇特的,罕见的—exceptional remarkable stupendous

  奇妙的,不可思议的—miraculous wonderful marvelous

  大胆的,莽撞的—audacious bold brave daring gallant heroic valiant prowess

  多产的,丰富的,繁茂的—prolific fecund fertile fruitful productive flourish opulent well-off munificent prosperous affluent plentiful abundant

  贫瘠的,不孕的,不毛之地—barren sterile

  贫困的,贫乏的,没钱的—indigent penurious penury impecunious impoverished needy down-and -out penniless wretched destitute bankrupt

  手铐,束缚—shackle handcuff manacle chain bind fetter

  神秘的—mysterious esoteric occult

  取消,撤销,废除—repeal nullify abolish quash withdraw abrogate overrule abolish annul cancel invalidate recall rescind revoke nullify retract

  使衰弱,使衰老—enfeeble enervate debilitate weaken vitiate

  虚弱的,衰老的—feckless flaccid flagging languid effete

  耻辱,污名—tarnish stain slur disgrace brand blemish stigma discredit humiliation

  持久的—everlasting perpetual permanent endurable abiding eternal

  短暂的—momentary temporary transient ephemeral evanescent provisional

  谨慎的,警觉的—wary chary vigilant discreet considerate cautious prudent

  责备,指责,咒骂—accuse blame censure charge denounce impugn impeach indict invective execrate condemn criticize reproach reprove disapprove upbraid vituperate reprove injure reprehend rebuke inveigh diatribe abuse lambaste obloquy

  免责,确定无罪—exempt exonerate exculpate invulnerable absolve

  妨碍,阻挠—filibuster encumber impede hamper hinder stymie curb obstruct restrain retard hamper thwart foil clog check occlude

  促进,帮助—precipitate accelerate advance facilitate hasten hurry promote quicken speed-up assist abet press

  挑剔的—meticulous nitpick finicky finical exacting censoring fussy punctilious prudish fastidious choosy critical particular selective prissy

  苛责,吹毛求疵的—carp cavil pick criticize quibble

  迅速发展—prosper flourish thrive boom develop grow increase mushroom sprout

  镇压—quell appease extinguish hush lull mollify pacify quiet smother

  stifle subdue suppress squelsh foil slake quench

  刺激—rouse arouse awaken excite foment anger inflame kindle move pique provoke disquiet incense whet stimulate stir instigate galvanize vex rile roil annoy aggravate disturb irritate

  放纵—indulge coddle pamper pander-to mollycoddle humor cater dote-on

  sybarite voluptuary wanton spoil

  笨蛋,傻瓜—dolt numskull dunce blockhead lout idiocy idiot cretin half-wit fool dullard imbecile moron simpleton prat oaf slouch dull-head

  愚蠢—idiocy stupidity absurdity madness lunacy folly

  愚蠢的—crass doltish oafish imbecilic moronic fatuous vacuous

  伪造,掺假—adulterate forge counterfeit falsify bogus

  真正的,纯种的—genuine authentic

  真实的,坦诚的,诚实的—candid candor frank fair genuine open pure trustworthy trustful veracious virtuous

  减弱,降低—clam appease allay alleviate ease lessen moderate pacify relieve attenuate abate

  宁静的,平静的—quiet calm serene peaceful silent still tranquil pacific

  冷静的,不为所动的—phlegmatic impassive apathetic composed indifferent reserved unemotional unfeeling unmoved

  新手,生手—apprentice neophyte novice typo greenhorn freshman uninitiated verdant

  预言,预知,预告—presage predict forecast foresee foretell portend portent prophesy anticipate omen divine soothsay augur forebode presentiment

  犹豫,停滞—balk boggle scruple demur falter flounder pause vacillate waver hesitate

  消除,除去—efface erase obliterate raze eliminate exterminate

  闲扯,瞎说—drivel prate babble chat chatter gossip blab prattle babble gabble jabber

  怀脾气的,暴躁的—cantankerous cranky irascible irritable quarrelsome

  choleric apoplectic churlish petulant raspy

  蹒跚,摇晃,跌倒—stagger lurch reel sway tumble waver flounder dodder ramshackle

  昂首阔步—swagger strut

  固执的—headstrong obstinate stubborn willful firm dogged adamant

  bullheaded pigheaded inflexible tenacious rigid stiff unbending unyielding dour bigoted recalcitrant bigotry tenacity pertinacity

  温顺的,驯服的—tame obedient meek gentle docile tame bonhomie

  效忠,尊敬—homage adoration deference esteem honor respect reverence veneration

  忠诚—fidelity allegiance attachment devotion faith fealty loyalty

  精确,准确—accuracy exactness exactitude precision

  简洁的—concise terse curt brief succinct compendious condensed compressed laconic

  大纲,摘要—precis compendium compendia abstract summary synopsis

  扼要,说明—recapitulate summarize outline

  民意测验,民意调查—gall-up pollster

  仁慈的,温和的,宽大的—lenient benefic beneficent benign benignant clement indulgent merciful mild tolerant

  陈旧的—antiquated banal shopworn antique moth-eaten old-fashioned cliche dated outmoded hackneyed time-worn threadbare trite immemorial obsolete

  使成僵局,僵局—stalemate deadlock

  粗略的,大概的,粗糙的—schematic cursory coarse crude rough vulgar churlish husky

  吸引人的—intriguing alluring appealing attractive bewitching captivate charming enchanting enticing fascinating interesting inviting tantalizing tempting thrilling winning ingratiating

  优势,主权,权势—clout ascendance ascendancy authority preponderance

  荒谬的,愚蠢的,可笑的—preposterous absurd silly ridiculous senseless nonsensical

  合理的—logical national reasonable sound

  一致的,相等的,同样的—congruent tantamount commensurate

  和睦,一致—concord harmony agreement rapport conformity

  分配,给予,分发—allocate allot apportion assign distribute divide

  相称的,合适的,应得的—condign becoming fitting proper suitable appropriate

  微不足道的—trivial frivolous measly paltry superficial trifling worthless

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