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托福独立口语 无话可说怎么办?

编辑: 环球教育整理来自: 互联网

  虽然很多考生在日常生活中可以侃侃而谈,但是面临托福独立口语考试,常常会陷入无话可说的境地。环球教育小编总结其原因有二:1.因为英语不是我们的母语,说出来的话需要点时间转化;2.在考试的时候会因为紧张而忘了之前准备的种种话题和素材,大脑陷入一片空白的状态。那么,我们该如何脱离无话可说的境地呢?抓住细节,捋清思路,你会成功逆袭!一起来看解析。

  托福口语独立题考两道:

  第一个题我们叫做描述题,要求考生描述其熟悉的一个人,一个地方,一个物体或者一件事情;

  第二个题叫二选一题,要求考生从所给的两个选项里面选一个并给出支撑自己选择的理由。

  两个独立题都明确表示要学生在段落里面给出足够的细节和例子来充实段子。但大多数中国考生在回答这两个题的时候都会陷入一个问题,段落过于空泛,段子明显不充实,很多时候都是在重复一个观点一个解释,而没有让这个段落往前发展下去,导致得分偏低。

  今天就跟大家说说如何用细节拓展独立口语内容。

  比如我们来看一个例题:

  Task 1

  Talk about a popular gathering place in your town where people like to go. Describe theplace and explain why people enjoy going there. Include specific examples anddetails in your response. 要求描述一个人们爱聚集的一个地方并解释原因。

  考生拿到这个题大多会选择一个shopping center,leisure center或者park这种比较适合各个年龄阶层的人去的地方作为topic,下面是某位考生的作答:

  In my opinion, people in my town like to go to the central park for two reasons:

  To begin with, they can do some exercise there. A lot of people will go to the park todo some sports to keep healthy. Sometimes the whole family will get together inthe park to do exercise.

  In addition,people could enjoy the beautiful views in the park and they feel relaxed. Theycan get close to nature and release pressure from work or study.

  So that’swhy people in my town will go to the park.

  我们来分析这个段子,开门见山给出topic—park, 用两个理由支撑—do exercise and enjoy views,但整个答案欠缺的就是细节充实的问题。比如do exercise后面,考生可以直接列出具体细节:

  People like to play Tai Chi or go jogging in the morning,and the whole family may get together to go for a walk after dinner or playbadminton in the park.

  直接给出这种细节描述exercise让段子更生动,而不是一直重复people do exercise or do sports.

  同样的,第二层关于enjoy beautiful views后面也可以增加一些具体的景物描写,trees, flowers, lake, bridge, fountain等。

  下面给出一个对比的范例:

  Well, agathering place in my town is the central park.

  One reasonis that the park provides people a place to do some exercise. For example, oldpeople would play Tai Chi in the early morning, students may go jogging aroundthe park, and the whole family could go for a stroll after dinner. By doingsome sports, they can keep healthy and energetic.

  Plus, peoplehave the chance to get close to nature and escape from the rest of the citylike the concrete buildings, loads of schoolwork and huge pressure from work. Imean, they could feel the fresh air blowing their face, the smell of theflowers in the park.

  So that’swhy citizens like to go to the park.

  这样整个口语回答会显得更充实,更容易拿到高分。既然充实段落很重要,下面我们来介绍几种常用方法补充细节。

  拿自己,身边的人直接举例子

  例题:Task 2

  Do you agree or disagreewith the following statement?

  Students benefit more from classes with a largenumber of students than they do from smaller classes. Use specific examples anddetails to support your opinion.

  这个题,其实就是小班好还是大班好的问题。选择没有对错,只要能充分证明自己的选择即可。

  学生的回答提纲是: smaller class is better

  1)Get more personal attention from professor

  2)Concentrate better

  对于第一个reason,我们可以直接举一个身边的例子加以说明。

  比如:takingmyself as an example, last summer, I took park in a painting training class andthere were only five students in the class, so I got more time to interact withthe teacher about my weakness in painting.

  很多学生质疑说这样的例子有说服力吗。但事实上独立题本来就是侧重考生的familiar things,所以推荐用身边的小例子作为支撑。

  举反例,正的不行就说反的

  同样上面这个例题的第二个理由,是学生常常会用到的一个万能理由,但很多学生都不知道怎么把它加以扩展。

  说:Students can concentrate better in smaller class becauseit’s more quiet.

  后面的思路就枯竭了,这个时候就可以用举反例的细节扩展方法:however, inbigger classes, there are so many people that they may easily talk, laugh, jokearound or gossip, which makes noise in the class to distract others.

  给出具体的数据

  这一个方面一般在我们用到时间和钱这两个万能理由的时候会用到。

  例:Describe the most efficient type of transportation in your country. Usedetails and examples to explain your response.

  Topic: airplane

  Reason 1: fast,save time

  Reason 2: no traffic congestion

  对于第一个reason, 我们可以直接给出数据和对比:

  For example,it only takes me 2 hours to fly from one city to another, however, when Ichoose to take train, it may cost me more than 20 hours.充分说明taking airplane is more efficient.

  例2:You prefer to watchmovie in the movie theater or at home.

  Topic: at home

  Reason 1: save money

  Reason 2: have more options when choosing movies

  对于第一个理由,我们可以用倍数形式来显示在家看电影多省钱:watching movies in the movie theater costs 2 timesmore than watching same movies at home.

  例3:这座建筑很高。

  The building is verytall.

  扩展细节:

  The building is as tallas 468 meters, ranking first in Asia and third in the world. There are 68spheres in the building and the three biggest ones are observatories, wheretourists can have a birds-eye view of the whole city. It has been the landmarkof the city since it was completed.

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