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教你几招雅思阅读词汇换用技巧

编辑: 天空来自: 互联网

  在雅思考试备考中我们不难发现,雅思阅读中一篇好的文章用词丰富、句式多变。雅思阅读的文章均摘自西方报刊杂志,属于原汁原味的外文资料,自然也会遵循着以上规律,所以雅思阅读中对词汇的考查万变不离其宗,无非是对同义词、反义词、同根词进行考核。

  雅思阅读词汇换用例一:

  原文: In Europe, the obstacle has been conservative local authorities and developers who prefer to ensure quick sales with conventional mass-produced housing.

  题目:Many developers prefer mass-produced houses because they...

  答案:sell quickly

  解析:原文和题目中的句意关键词developer, prefer 均相同,但 “housing” 换成了 “houses”, 即同根词的代换。 “they” 指代 “houses”, 又因为 “because” 应该引导从句,所以答案为动词短语。 “quick sales” 对应的动词短语为上述答案, 也就是说答案也是根据同根词替换而来的。

“雅思阅读词汇换用解析”

  雅思阅读词汇换用例二:

  原文:While this includes complex kingdoms, as in Africa, and ancient empires, such as those of the Americas, the primary focus of attention in the twentieth century has been on small-scale societies.

  题目:The twentieth-century collections come mainly from mainstream societies such as the US and Europe.

  答案:FALSE

  解析:原文与题目对比出现了一组反义代换词 “small-scale societies” 和 “mainstream societies”.

  雅思阅读词汇换用例三:

  原文:Countries all over the world are actively promoting their wilderness regions to high-spending tourists. The attraction of these regions is obvious: by definition, wilderness tourism requires litter or no initial investment.

  题目:The low cost of setting wilderness tourism makes it attractive to many countries.

  答案:TRUE

  解析:low cost=little or no initial investment; “attractive” 为 “attraction”的同根词代换。

  雅思阅读词汇换用例四:

  原文:In their new location, the beekeeper will pay the farmer to allow his bees to feed in such places as orange groves.

  题目: They transport their hives to orange groves where farmers (charge) beekeepers for placing them on their land. Here the bees make honey.

  解析:这是剑桥上的一个填空题。不难看出,为了考查词汇,题目对原文进行了同义句转换,但是对主语和宾语进行了调换,所以谓语动词也采用了相应的反义词形式。

  总之,词汇换用这在雅思词汇中是很平常的现象,但同时,这也是很多中国考生在平时容易忽视的细节,词汇换用的技巧也不能通过单纯的死记硬背雅思考试词汇来掌握,所以同学们要注意平时针对性的练习。

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